银行考试网-课观教育旗下网站 手机版
当前位置: 银行考试网> 建设银行招聘专区> 2019年中国建设银行秋季校园招聘真题汇编(十)_考生回忆版




(英语附加题   T1-15)

Passage 1

Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessed with the color, yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives. It is not that pink is intrinsically bad, but it is a tiny slice of the rainbow and, though it may celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fuses girls’ identity to appearance. Then it presents that connection, even among two-year-olds, between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence. Looking around, despaired at the singular lack of imagination about girls’ lives and interests.

Girls’ attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehow encoded in their DNA, butaccording to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor of American Studies, it’s not. Children were not color-coded at all until the early 20th century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies wore white as a practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was to boil them. What’s more, both boys and girls wore what were thought of as gender-neutral dresses. When nursery colors were introduced, pink was actually considered the more masculine color, a pastel version of red, which was associated with strength. Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary, constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity. It was not until the mid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant children’s marketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it began to seem innately attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female, at least for the first few critical years.

I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs about their psychological development. Take the toddler. I assumed that phase was something experts developed after years of research into children’s behavior: wrong. Turns out, according to Daniel Cook, a historian of childhood consumerism, it was popularised as a marketing gimmick by clothing manufacturers in the 1930s.

Trade publications counseled department stores that, in order to increase sales, they should create a “third stepping stone” between infant wear and older kids’ clothes. It was only after “toddler” became a common shoppers’ term that it evolved into a broadly accepted developmental stage. Splitting kids, or adults, into ever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to boost profits. And one of the easiest ways to segment a market is to magnify gender differences — or invent them where they did not previously exist.

1. By saying “it is ... the rainbow” (line 2, Para 1), the author means pink _______________.

A. should not be the sole representation of girlhood

B. should not be associated with girls’ innocence

C. cannot explain girls’ lack of imagination

D. cannot influence girls’ lives and interests

2. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following is true of colors?

A. Colors are encoded in girls’ DNA

B. Blue used to be regarded as the color for girls

C. Pink used to be a neutral color in symbolizing genders

D. White is preferred by babies

3. The author suggests that our perception of children’s psychological devotement was much influenced by _______________.

A. the marketing of products for children

B. the observation of children’s nature

C. researches into children’s behavior

D. studies of childhood consumption

4. We may learn from Paragraph 4 that department stores were advised _______________.

A. focus on infant wear and older kids’ clothes

B. attach equal importance to different genders

C. classify consumers into smaller groups

D. create some common shoppers’ terms

5. It can be concluded that girls’ attraction to pink seems to be _______________.

A. clearly explained by their inborn tendency

B. fully understood by clothing manufacturers

C. mainly imposed by profit-driven businessmen

D. well interpreted by psychological experts

Passage 2

When the leaders of the new economy say they’re not in it for the money, that’s not just bad for business. It’s bad for everyone. Some of the pioneers of the new economy are saying very strange things. These moguls of modern-day capitalism solemnly deny that they are engaged in business for the purpose of making money.

What’s going on here? Adam Smith, the founding father of capitalism, presumed that people engaged in commercial activity for the purpose of economic gain. Have capitalism’s most successful practitioners evolved beyond such base intentions? Are we to infer that the world’s largest wealth-creation scheme is being driven largely by nonprofit motives?

Not really. New-economy tycoons still like to make money. They simply want to make clear that they are also driven by higher motives. And this trend in pursuit of higher things is spreading through the business world. A recent editorial in the Red Herring posited business as an expression of the highest human capacities: “Money comes to those who do it for love.” Such talk has become so common that we have to remind ourselves that it is a fairly recent innovation. You probably don’t have the time to review the immense sociological literature on the attitudes of workers in the early and middle part of the 20th century. A single book, Studs Terkel’s Working, should be enough to make the point, or perhaps just a brief talk with some old guys about their work philosophy. You won’t hear a lot of mush about saving the world or finding nirvana in the workplace. To these people, today’s rhetoric about meaning in the workplace must sound absurd.

The attempt to find higher purpose and meaning in work is likely to fail. In the few cases where it does not, it will probably fall short of our expectations. Modern technological capitalism, for all its vitality and efficiency, cannot supply on its own meaning to life. This isn’t just a philosophical matter. When we seek meaning in work at the expense of the institutions society has built specifically to contain meaning — the arts, our families, the church and so on — we risk a great deal. We may not merely disappoint ourselves; we could disrupt the very prosperity the free market has provided us.

6. The traditional capitalist view is that people _______________.

A. engage in commercial activity for the purpose of economic gain

B. do the things that they do for love

C. tend to search for meaning in their lives

D. are driven largely by non-profit motives

7. The word “base” (para.2) most probably means _______________.

A. basic 

B. honorable 

C. strange 

D. ignoble

8. Why does the author suggest that some leaders of the new economy say they are not in business for the purpose of making money?

A. Because they want to show that they are driven by higher motives

B. Because it’s bad for business

C. Because they have evolved beyond such base intentions

D. Because they want to lower their expectations

9. It can be inferred from the text that work ______________.

A. was at its peak in the middle part of 20th century.

B. has always been a nirvana.

C. is not a great place to seek meaning.

D. is the heart of American society.

10. The author suggests that seeking meaning in the workplace may _______________.

A. disrupt important social institutions. 

B. kill American economy.

C. lead to nirvana. 

D. damage the free market.

Passage 3

Growth in emerging markets is at its lowest ebb since the aftermath of the financial crisis due to a combination of China’s fading dynamism, a sputtering performance in eastern Europe and Latin America’s slowdown.

Evidence that emerging economies are entering a new era of slower growth will fuel concerns for the global outlook as western countries continue to struggle, the oil price lurches towards a four-year low and eurozone stalwart Germany suffers from declining growth. Data from 19 large emerging economies collated by research firm Capital Economics show that industrial output in August and consumer spending in the second quarter fell to their lowest levels since 2009. Export growth in August also plunged. These trends are contributing to a sense that slower growth is becoming a permanent fixture among the world’s most dynamic group of economies. “This is the new normal,” said Neil Shearing, chief emerging markets economist at Capital Economics. “For the rest of the decade this is it. This is as good as it gets.”

Speaking last week at the International Monetary Fund’s annual meetings, Olivier Blanchard, the fund’s chief economist, said there had been “a fairly major change in the landscape” for emerging markets in the medium term.

Christine Lagarde, the IMF’s managing director, said there was “clearly a major slowdown in countries like Brazil and Russia”, pointing out that the end of quantitative easing would send shockwaves to emerging economies. “We’re going to continue to caution a lot of the emerging market economies…to just prepare themselves for a bit more volatility than we have observed over the last few months,” she said.

George Magnus, senior adviser to UBS, noted that the IMF had revised downward its forecasts for EM growth on six occasions since late 2011. Although official gross domestic product statistics for the third quarter have yet to be published, projections are bleak. China’s GDP annual growth rate in the quarter — due to be announced next week — is set to plunge to 6.8 per cent, down from 7.5 percent in the second quarter, according to Jasper McMahon of Now-Casting Economics. Brazil is on track to report GDP growth of 0.3 percent this year, down from 2.5 percent in 2013, according to Now-Casting.

Capital Economics forecasts an aggregate EM growth rate of 4.3 per cent in July, down from 4.5 per cent in June, and preliminary numbers for August suggest a further slowdown. “It looks like August is going to be the weakest month in terms of emerging markets’ GDP growth since October 2009,” Mr. Shearing said.

11. What is the passage mainly about?

A. China’s fading dynamism contributes to the world slowdown

B. World economy is in a dire situation

C. Financial crisis is still raging and the word economy is still in recession

D. Emerging markets slowdown fuels concern for global outlook

12. According to the passage, which one of the following is not the cause to the economic slump of the emerging markets?

A. The financial crisis in America shocked emerging markets

B. Economy in Latin America is decelerating

C. Eastern Europe’s economy is weak

D. China’s economy is losing vitality

13. According to paragraph 2, which one of the following is not true?

A. The slower growth in emerging economies will be temporary

B. Neil thinks that the economic situation in emerging markets will last for about ten years

C. Consumer spending is at the lowest ebb since 2009

D. The emerging economies slow down since industrial output, consumer spending and export growth have fallen

14. Emerging markets will face a more volatile economy because _______________.

A. IMF will downward its forecast for EM growth

B. quantitative easing has come to an end

C. the slower growth in emerging markets will be the new normal

D. there is clearly a major slowdown in countries like Brazil and Russia

15. What does the underlined word “bleak” in the last but one paragraph mean?

A. Positive 

B. Aspiring 

C. Pessimistic 

D. Optimistic

× 登录查看答案解析及全套试题