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2019年中国邮政储蓄银行秋季校园招聘真题汇编(十一)_考生回忆版

日期:2019-05-14


2019年中国邮政储蓄银行秋季校园招聘真题汇编(十一)
(英语材料 144-155)

Text 3
Why the inductive and mathematical sciences, after their first rapid development at the culmination of Greek civilization, advanced so slowly for two thousand years — and why in the following two hundred years a knowledge of natural and mathematical science has accumulated, which so vastly exceeds all that was previously known that these sciences may be justly regarded as the products of our own times — are questions which have interested the modern philosopher not less than the objects with which these sciences are more immediately conversant. Was it the employment of a new method of research, or in the exercise of greater virtue in the use of the old methods, that this singular modern phenomenon had its origin? Was the long period one of arrested development, and is the modern era one of normal growth? Or should we ascribe the characteristics of both periods to so-called historical accidents — to the influence of conjunctions in circumstances of which no explanation is possible, save in the omnipotence and wisdom of a guiding providence?
The explanation which has become commonplace, that the ancients employed deduction chiefly in their scientific inquiries, while the moderns employ induction, proves to be too narrow, and fails upon close examination to point with sufficient distinctness the contrast that is evident between ancient and modern scientific doctrines and inquiries. For all knowledge is founded on observation, and proceeds from this by analysis, by synthesis and analysis, by induction and deduction, and if possible by verification, or by new appeals to observation under the guidance of deduction — by steps which are indeed correlative parts of one method; and the ancient sciences afford examples of every one of these methods, or parts of one method, which have been generalized from the examples of science.
A failure to employ or to employ adequately any one of these partial methods, an imperfection in the arts and resources of observation and experiment, carelessness in observation, neglect of relevant facts, by appeal to experiment and observation — these are the faults which cause all failures to ascertain truth, whether among the ancients or the moderns; but this statement does not explain why the modern is possessed of a greater virtue, and by what means he attained his superiority. Much less does it explain the sudden growth of science in recent times.
The attempt to discover the explanation of this phenomenon in the antithesis of “facts” and “theories” or “facts” and “ideas” — in the neglect among the ancients of the former, and their too exclusive attention to the latter — proves also to be too narrow, as well as open to the charge of vagueness. For in the first place, the antithesis is not complete. Facts and theories are not coordinate species. Theories, if true, are facts — a particular class of facts indeed, generally complex, and if a logical connection subsists between their constituents, have all the positive attributes of theories.
Nevertheless, this distinction, however inadequate it may be to explain the source of true method in science, is well founded, and connotes an important character in true method. A fact is a proposition of simple. A theory, on the other hand, if true has all the characteristics of a fact, except that its verification is possible only by indirect, remote, and difficult means. To convert theories into facts is to add simple verification, and the theory thus acquires the full characteristics of a fact.

144. [阅读理解]The title that best expresses the ideas of this passage is _______________.
A.   Philosophy of mathematics
B.   The Recent Growth in Science
C.   The Verification of Facts
D.   Methods of Scientific Inquiry

145. [阅读理解]According to the author, one possible reason for the growth of science during the days of the ancient Greeks and in modern times is _______________.
A.   the similarity between the two periods
B.   that it was an act of God
C.   that both tried to develop the inductive method
D.   due to the decline of the deductive method

146. [阅读理解]The difference between “fact” and “theory” _______________.
A.   is that the latter needs confirmation
B.   rests on the simplicity of the former
C.   is the difference between the modern scientists and the ancient Greeks
D.   helps us to understand the deductive method

147. [阅读理解]According to the author, mathematics is _______________.
A.   an inductive science
B.   in need of simple verification
C.   a deductive science
D.   based on fact and theory

148. [阅读理解]The statement “Theories are facts” may be called ________________.
A.   a metaphor
B.   a paradox
C.   an appraisal of the inductive and deductive methods
D.   a pun

以下为材料辨析题

Text 4
The great question that this paper will, but feebly, attempt to answer is, what is the creative process?
Though much theory has accumulated, little is really known about the power that lies at the bottom of poetic creation. It is true that great poets and artists produce beauty by employing all the powers of personality and by fusing emotions, reason, and intuitions. But what is the magical synthesis that joins and arranges these complex parts into poetic unity?
 John L. Lowes, in his justly famous “The Road to Xanadu” developed one of the earliest and still generally acceptable answers to this tantalizing question. Imaginative creation, he concludes, is a complex process in which the conscious and unconscious minds jointly operate. “There is…the deep well with its chaos of fortuitously blending images; but there is likewise the Vision which sees shining in and through the chaos of the potential lines of Form, and with the Vision, the controlling Will. Which gives to that potential beauty actuality.”
The Deep Well is the unconscious mind that is peopled with the facts, ideas, feelings of the conscious activity. The imaginative vision, an unconscious activity, shines through the land of chaos, of lights and shadows, silently seeking pattern and form. Finally, the conscious mind again, through Will, captures and embodies the idea in the final work of art. In this way is unity born out of chaos.
Though there can be no absolute certainty, there is general agreement that the periods in the development of a creative work parallel, to some extent, Lowes’ theory of Well, Vision, Form, and Will. There are at least three stages in the creative process: preparation, inspiration, work.
 In a sense, the period of preparation is all of the writer’s life. It is the Deep Well. It is the Deep Well. It is especially a period of concentration which gives the unconscious mind an opportunity to communicate with the conscious mind. When remembrance of things past reach the conscious level of the writer’s mind, he is ready to go on with the process. Part of this preparation involves learning a medium — learning a language, learning how to write, learning literary forms. It is important to most here that form cannot be imposed upon the idea. Evidence, though sparse, shows that the idea gives birth to the form that can best convey it. It is the Vision, according to Lowes, “which sees shining in and through the chaws of the potential lines of from …”

149. [阅读理解]When remembrance of things past reach the conscious level, the post has reached the stage called ________________.
A.   Well
B.   Vision
C.   Form
D.   Will

150. [阅读理解]Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The form determines the subject matter.
B.   The idea determines the form.
C.   Vision makes beauty an actuality.
D.   A writer is unconscious when he prepares his work.

151. [阅读理解]The word “fortuitously” in the third paragraph means _______________.
A.   accidentally
B.   luckily
C.   thoroughly
D.   potentially

152. [阅读理解]The remembrance of things past is carried on in the _____________.
A.   Deep Well
B.   Vision
C.   Chaotic lights and shadows
D.   Conscious mind

以下为材料辨析题

Text 5
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To: kkaminske@armail.com
Subject: New flavors
Date: March 8
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With best regards,
Ashley Hockstra

153. [阅读理解]What is offered in the e-mail?
A.   Instructions for entering a competition.
B.   A chance to try a new product.
C.   An apology for an error.
D.   Thanks for completing a customer survey.

154. [阅读理解]What is suggested about Mr. Kaminski?
A.   He has shopped at Fruittisom’s online store.
B.   He has been charged incorrectly for an order.
C.   He has worked for Fruittisom.
D.   He has reported a late delivery.

155. [阅读理解]How can Mr. Kaminski receive a sample?
A.   By providing a code.
B.   By making a payment.
C.   By promising to write a review.
D.   By sending in proof of a purchase.


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